In the body of an adult stem cells are found throughout their whole life. They are located throughout the body near small blood vessels.

The human body constantly changes, specialized (differentiated) tissue / organ cells die. In order for the damages to be able to recover, threat signals are released into the bloodstream by the damaged cells. They are perceived by the adipose tissue stem cells that move through the bloodstream to the damaged spot. [1] [2] There the stem cells receive information about the problem and begin to repair the damage, releasing active substances and thus replacing the dead cells.

As years pass, stem cells age and their number decreases, therefore the body’s regenerating capacity weakens and signs of age (aging) show. The risk of age-related disease development increases.[3]

A number of clinical studies are being carried out [4], in which the stem cells taken from the body’s adipose tissues are put back into the bloodstream or directly to the injured spot. In some cases, stem cells can be genetically modified[5] (for example, in treating cancer [6]), used in the preparation of artificial valves, etc.